Tramadol more commonly known as Ultram, its brand name, is an opioid pain reliever. It is very operative in treating pain. The oral formulation of the drug is taken as immediate release and they start providing relief within an hour’s time.
This medication has two methods of mechanisms. Primarily, the tablets bind themselves to the μ-opioid receptor and later the inhibition of the reuptake of the norepinephrine and serotonin takes place.
Tramadol was the invention of a German pharmaceutical company called Grünenthal GmbH. In the year 1977, the medicine was launched in the markets of West Germany under the name Tramadol. After 20 long years, Tramal was traded in many foreign countries including US, UK, and Australia under various brand names.
A racemic mixture, Tramadol, is a blend of R- and S-stereoisomers. The mixture is important for one isomer complement the other and enhances the analgesic nature. Sometimes It is given in combination with acetaminophen or paracetamol. It is done so to improve the effectivity of the drug in providing relief from pain.
Tramadol and Pregnancy
Tramadol is normally not recommended during pregnancy. The woman is advised to stop the use of the medicine before becoming pregnant. It is responsible for causing miscarriage and deformation in the unborn. It should not be taken if a woman is lactating. The medicine can pass on to the baby and create health related problems in him. It causes addiction in the fetus.
Tramadol and Children
It is prohibited for children below 17 years of age. However, it can be given in very small and strict doses under supervision and observation in special cases.
Tramadol and Kidney and Liver patients
It should not be given to patients who are suffering from any kind of kidney or liver related disorders.
Tramadol side effects
The side effects of the drug are exhibited rarely and in significantly few people. Some side effects of the drug are:
- Numbness in certain parts of body
- Tingly feeling on the toes, fingers, neck or face
- Weakness in legs, feet, and hands
- Pain in certain parts of the body like hands, arms, calves, back, legs, etc.
- Discomfort in the hands, legs, back, jaw, and/or neck
- Pain in the lower back, sides, abdomen, stomach, etc.
- Change in the colour of palms and feet to a pale blue colour
- Cold feet or hands
- Frequent fever
Tramadol is a better and safer painkiller for humans as well as animals. It should be used carefully to get 100% benefit.